The Urban Dibao Program in China: Targeting and its EffectThe Indian Journal of Labour Economics

Yang Lu
  • Article Title: The Urban Dibao Program in China: Targeting and its Effect
  • Title of Journal: The Indian Journal of Labour Economics
  • Vol #: 56
  • Issue #: 4

In this paper, the data of China’s Urban Employment and Social Protection Survey 2010 (CULS3) has been adopted to evaluate the dibao programme in China through the use of the RD and matching methods. The analysis of the programme leads to the following conclusions. Firstly, the dibao programme has limited effects on alleviating poverty as per the available data. This may be due to the dibao programme’s mis-targeting. Secondly, the health status and living condition of a household are the factors affecting dibao programme’s targeting. Thirdly, the dibao programme may change the expenditure behaviour of a household, but since the subsidy offered under this programme would lead to a reduction in the food expenditure rate of a poor household, the Chinese Government ought to provide food coupons and not merely cash transfer to the poorest households to help them avoid facing a food shortage.


This article is part of a special issue on informal employment in China and India with special editors, Jeemol Unni and Alakh N. Sharma.

Informal Economy Theme
Informal Economy Topic
Publication Type