Informal Workers in India: A Statistical Profile

Govindan Raveendran, Joann Vanek

Employment in India is overwhelmingly informal: 90 per cent of all workers are employed under informal arrangements nationally; in urban areas and in Delhi, the proportion is 80 per cent. This brief provides comparative data from 2011-12 and 2017-18 for informal workers in all India, and by urban centres and Delhi. 

Informal employment by sex, age, type of work, status in education and level of education are considered.

The data presented are from the 2017-18 Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) and the 2011-12 Employment and Unemployment Survey both collected by the National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) of India.

Informal Economy Theme
Informal Economy Topic
Publication Type