National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector, India

The National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector (NCEUS) was established by the Government of India as an advisory body on the informal sector to bring about improvement in the productivity of informal enterprises for generation of large scale employment opportunities on a sustainable basis, particularly in the rural areas. The Commission was mandated to recommend appropriate measures to enhance the competitiveness of the informal sector in the global economy and to link the sector with the institutional framework in areas such as credit, raw material, infrastructure, technology up-gradation skill development, and marketing.

In its 2007 report, the Commission recommended a broad policy agenda, including:

# 1 - Promotional Measures & Policies

Non-Agricultural Informal Sector

  • availability of institutional credit
  • micro-credit and self-help groups
  • raw material supply
  • marketing
  • cluster development and Growth Poles

Agricultural Sector

  • public sources of credit, inputs, and irrigation

Expansion of Employment Opportunities

  • land reform
  • self-employment programmes
  • wage employment programmes and the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act
  • skills training

# 2 - Measures to Deal with the Negative Impacts of Certain Laws, Regulations, & Policies on Livelihoods

These included:

  • land acquisition for public projects, including Special Economic Zones (which need to be converted into Growth Poles by creating backward and forward linkages)
  • exclusionary environmental standards
  • negative approach to street vendors
  • exclusionary urban planning

#3 - Institutional Support for Protection & Promotion of Livelihoods

  • Focal Point in Planning Commission
  • National Livelihood Council
  • National Fund for the Unorganised Sector