Poverty, Growth & Crises Linkages

By Naz, Farah & Deiter Bögenhold.

Describes the struggles of home-based workers making footballs in Pakistan, the history of the trade, and why women choose to do this work in the home.

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Lerche, Jens, Alessandra Mezzadri, Dae-Oup Chang, Pun Ngai, Huilin Lu, Aiyu Liu and Ravi Srivastava. .  The Triple Absence of Labour Rights: Triangular Labour Relations and Informalisation in the Construction and Garment Sectors in Delhi and Shanghai.  Centre for Development Policy and Research, SOAS, University of London.
Loayza, Norman. October, 2016 A Toolkit for Informality Scenario Analysis.
Loayza, Norman V.. .  Informality in the process of development and growth.  World Bank.
Aita, Samir. .  Labour Markets Policies and Institutions, with a Focus on Inclusion, equal Opportunity and the Informal Economy.  ILO.
ILO, . .  2013 Labour Overview. Latin America and the Caribbean..  International Labour Oganization.

 A new World Bank report, Youth Employment in Sub-Saharan Africa, found that most young people in Africa will seek work in the informal economy.

“While the formal sector—with its larger firms and structured wage jobs—will eventually become Africa’s biggest employer, the majority of people in African countries—nearly 80 percent—work in the informal sector…, often for very low earnings. This sector will continue to employ the majority of young people.

“The informal sector has been historically neglected,” said Louise Fox, co-author of the report, former World Bank Lead Economist and currently Visiting Professor at the University of California at Berkeley. “Young people, including in rural and semi-urban areas, tend to seize opportunities when they can.  The report argues that scaling up support to access those opportunities is essential.”

July, 2015 Global Labour Column - Power and Classification: Casual Workers Struggles in the South African Post Office:

World Migration Report 2015 International Organization for Migration . (1 January 2015)

Abstract: The World Migration Report 2015: Migrants and Cities, New Partnerships to Manage Mobility ─ the eighth report in IOM’s World Migration Report (WMR) series ─ focuses on how migration and migrants are shaping cities and how the life of migrants is shaped by cities, their people, organizations and rules. Over 54 per cent of people across the globe were living in urban areas in 2014. The number of people living in cities will almost double to some 6.4 billion by 2050, turning much of the world into a global city. Human mobility and migration play an important part in this but are largely missing from the global debate on urbanization. Many city and local governments also still do not include migration or migrants in their urban development planning and implementation. The report aims to address this gap by considering migration as a defining factor alongside climate change, population growth, demographic change and economic crisis in shaping sustainable cities of the future.

International Organization for Migration, . .  World Migration Report 2015 - Migrants and Cities: New Partnerships to Manage Mobility.  International Organization for Migration.
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